Movements of the Winter Bee Cluster

What Do Bees Do in Winter?

Movements of the Winter Bee Cluster

Reading Time: 4 minutes

The honey bee cluster moves up in winter and down in summer. The downward movement is easiest to see in a feral colony built into a tree or a building. The combs start at the top and are added in layers, one beneath the other, as the colony expands. When bees start at the top, there is no place to go but down.

Unlike feral colonies, those in a vertical hive, such as a Langstroth hive or Warré hive, sometimes have the option to move up. If they have that option in winter, up they go. The reason is warmth. Because warm air rises, the area just above the winter bee cluster is the warmest place in the entire hive aside from the cluster itself.

In fact, it is so comfortable, it’s the first place the bees head when they are looking for food in winter. Even if food is close by — below or to the sides of the cluster — the bees will go to the food that is the warmest.

Reversing brood boxes in spring is a common routine that is not necessary and can actually be detrimental to the colony. If the ascending colony straddles two boxes, as it often does, reversing brood boxes separates the colony into two parts. When split in two, there may not be enough adult bees to keep the brood warm.

Only the Winter Bee Cluster is Kept Warm

It helps to remember that a honey bee colony makes no attempt to keep the hive interior warm in the way we heat our homes. The bees’ only concern is keeping the brood warm. When the outside temperature drops to 64°F, the bees begin to form a loose cluster with the brood at the center. At 57° F, the cluster tightens into a compact sphere that surrounds and protects the brood. As long as brood is present, the core of the cluster is kept between 92-95°F, but without brood, the bees conserve energy by keeping the core at a cool 68 degrees.

Again, think of a feral colony hanging from a tree branch. It would be pointless to try to heat the whole outdoors, so they concentrate their efforts on the cluster itself. If you monitor temperatures in different parts of a hive, you will find it warmest just above the cluster, a bit cooler right beside the cluster, and coldest beneath it. The areas furthest from the winter cluster are often just a few degrees warmer than the outside.

Upper Entrances and Cleansing Flights

The cold temperature beneath the cluster is one reason beekeepers often give their bees an upper entrance in winter. On those days that are balmy enough to take cleansing flight, the bees can stay warm until they exit the hive. From the top entrance, they can quickly take off, circle around, and come back. When they return, the bees meet warm air as soon as they reach the entrance, so the time spent in cold air is very short.

If they have only a lower entrance, they must travel down through the cold hive, fly, then once again travel up through the cold hive. Because of the length of time in the cold, those bees are much less likely to survive.

Because warm air escapes through the top entrance, it may seem counterintuitive to provide one. But the warm shortcut to the outdoors can make a big difference in colony health because bees with easy access to the outdoors are much less likely to get dysentery. Like everything else in beekeeping, you must consider the trade-offs. If you have occasional warmish days in winter, an upper entrance is a great addition to a hive.

If you live in a colder area, or if your hives are highly shaded, you can keep the upper entrance closed until you begin getting some warmer days in spring. But don’t switch back and forth. Bees need time to adjust to a new entrance, and they can become disoriented when the location changes — a bad thing on a cold day.

Expansion and Contraction

The winter cluster itself expands and contracts with the temperature. The bees bunch closer together as the temperature drops, and they space themselves further apart as the temperature rises. Like a balloon, the sphere shrinks and expands with changing conditions. Bees spaced further apart allow more air to flow through the cluster, which improves ventilation and lowers the temperature.

If you have a vertical hive, it is important to keep a supply of food right above the cluster in the coldest months. Once spring temperatures begin to rise, the cluster will expand and the outer bees may run into honey stored beside the cluster. Also, as it gets warmer inside the hive, the retriever bees — those that fetch honey and bring it back to the brood nest and the queen — are more likely to leave the cluster and scout the inside of the hive for food.

Keeping Them Fed

To keep food directly above the cluster of bees, you can rearrange the frames of honey or add more. You can put a candy board directly above the upper brood box, or you can simply add sugar patties or a bag of sugar with some slits cut into it. It is best to avoid cooking the sugar, as heating increases the amount of hydroxymethylfurfural, a material that is poisonous to bees.

If you have a horizontal hive, like a top-bar hive, it is best to move the colony to one end of the hive before winter sets in. That way, all the honey can be put on one side of the colony. As winter passes, the cluster will move toward the honey and eat their way to the other end of the hive. But if you begin winter with the cluster in the center of the honey stores, the cluster has to go one way or the other. Once it reaches the end of the hive, it will be unable to reverse direction and travel to the other end to get the rest of the honey. Many colonies have starved with food only inches away.

If you want to know where your colony is, simply pull out your varroa tray to see where all the debris is landing. The pattern can tell you both the size and location of the cluster. A thermal imaging camera works well, too. Remember, the winter cluster is not static but easily changes in response to winter conditions.

winter-bee-cluster
A thermal image can tell you exactly where your cluster is.

What have you noticed about your winter bee clusters? Did they move up, down, or side to side? Did you provide an upper entrance? How did it work for your bees?

2 thoughts on “Movements of the Winter Bee Cluster”
  1. Can you please post a range of what’s considered “cold”? In Minnesota we have several months of sub-freezing temps. In December, January, and February our temps drop well below zero and stay there.
    Thank you.

  2. So when you say move up,do you mean they move from hive. Brood box to super on top.should you close entrance and have entrance to super

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

[gravityform id="3" title="false" description="false" ajax="true"]
<script type="text/javascript">if(!gform){document.addEventListener("gform_main_scripts_loaded",function(){gform.scriptsLoaded=!0}),window.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded",function(){gform.domLoaded=!0});var gform={domLoaded:!1,scriptsLoaded:!1,initializeOnLoaded:function(o){gform.domLoaded&&gform.scriptsLoaded?o():!gform.domLoaded&&gform.scriptsLoaded?window.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded",o):document.addEventListener("gform_main_scripts_loaded",o)},hooks:{action:{},filter:{}},addAction:function(o,n,r,t){gform.addHook("action",o,n,r,t)},addFilter:function(o,n,r,t){gform.addHook("filter",o,n,r,t)},doAction:function(o){gform.doHook("action",o,arguments)},applyFilters:function(o){return gform.doHook("filter",o,arguments)},removeAction:function(o,n){gform.removeHook("action",o,n)},removeFilter:function(o,n,r){gform.removeHook("filter",o,n,r)},addHook:function(o,n,r,t,i){null==gform.hooks[o][n]&&(gform.hooks[o][n]=[]);var e=gform.hooks[o][n];null==i&&(i=n+"_"+e.length),null==t&&(t=10),gform.hooks[o][n].push({tag:i,callable:r,priority:t})},doHook:function(o,n,r){if(r=Array.prototype.slice.call(r,1),null!=gform.hooks[o][n]){var t,i=gform.hooks[o][n];i.sort(function(o,n){return o.priority-n.priority});for(var e=0;e<i.length;e++)"function"!=typeof(t=i[e].callable)&&(t=window[t]),"action"==o?t.apply(null,r):r[0]=t.apply(null,r)}if("filter"==o)return r[0]},removeHook:function(o,n,r,t){if(null!=gform.hooks[o][n])for(var i=gform.hooks[o][n],e=i.length-1;0<=e;e--)null!=t&&t!=i[e].tag||null!=r&&r!=i[e].priority||i.splice(e,1)}}}</script> <div class='gf_browser_chrome gform_wrapper gravity-theme' id='gform_wrapper_3' style='display:none'><div id='gf_3' class='gform_anchor' tabindex='-1'></div><form method='post' enctype='multipart/form-data' target='gform_ajax_frame_3' id='gform_3' action='/health-pests/winter-bee-cluster/#gf_3' > <div class='gform_body gform-body'><div id='gform_fields_3' class='gform_fields top_label form_sublabel_below description_below'><fieldset id="field_3_4" class="gfield field_sublabel_below field_description_above gfield_visibility_visible gsurvey-survey-field " data-field-class="gsurvey-survey-field"><legend class='gfield_label' >Where do you keep bees?</legend><div class='gfield_description' id='gfield_description_3_4'>Choose which setting best applies to you.</div><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_radio'><div class='gfield_radio' id='input_3_4'> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_4_0'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_4' type='radio' value='gsurvey4f6fd23bc' id='choice_3_4_0' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' aria-describedby="gfield_description_3_4" /> <label for='choice_3_4_0' id='label_3_4_0'>Rural</label> </div> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_4_1'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_4' type='radio' value='gsurvey4f19da77f' id='choice_3_4_1' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_4_1' id='label_3_4_1'>Urban</label> </div> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_4_2'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_4' type='radio' value='gsurvey4c70f5f04' id='choice_3_4_2' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_4_2' id='label_3_4_2'>Suburban</label> </div> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_4_3'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_4' type='radio' value='gsurvey4db0e3590' id='choice_3_4_3' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_4_3' id='label_3_4_3'>Other</label> </div></div></div></fieldset><div id="field_3_5" class="gfield field_sublabel_below field_description_below gfield_visibility_visible gsurvey-survey-field " data-field-class="gsurvey-survey-field"><label class='gfield_label' for='input_3_5' >If other, please describe here.</label><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_text'><input name='input_5' id='input_3_5' type='text' value='' class='large' aria-describedby="input_3_5_desc" aria-invalid="false" /> </div></div><fieldset id="field_3_6" class="gfield field_sublabel_below field_description_above gfield_visibility_visible gsurvey-survey-field " data-field-class="gsurvey-survey-field"><legend class='gfield_label' >How long have you kept bees?</legend><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_radio'><div class='gfield_radio' id='input_3_6'> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_6_0'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_6' type='radio' value='gsurvey6752f13b7' id='choice_3_6_0' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_6_0' id='label_3_6_0'>I've never kept bees, but I'm planning on it</label> </div> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_6_1'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_6' type='radio' value='Less than a month' id='choice_3_6_1' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_6_1' id='label_3_6_1'>I used to keep bees, but I don't anymore</label> </div> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_6_2'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_6' type='radio' value='1-6 months' id='choice_3_6_2' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_6_2' id='label_3_6_2'>1-6 months</label> </div> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_6_3'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_6' type='radio' value='1-3 years' id='choice_3_6_3' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_6_3' id='label_3_6_3'>1-3 years</label> </div> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_6_4'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_6' type='radio' value='gsurvey6b46e0a86' id='choice_3_6_4' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_6_4' id='label_3_6_4'>3-5 years</label> </div> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_6_5'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_6' type='radio' value='gsurvey6c26dc4d8' id='choice_3_6_5' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_6_5' id='label_3_6_5'>5+ years</label> </div></div></div></fieldset><div id="field_3_8" class="gfield field_sublabel_below field_description_above gfield_visibility_visible gsurvey-survey-field " data-field-class="gsurvey-survey-field"><label class='gfield_label gfield_label_before_complex' >Which membership benefits interest you?</label><div class='gfield_description' id='gfield_description_3_8'>Choose which option best describes your interests.</div><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_likert'><table class='gsurvey-likert' id='input_3_8'><thead><tr><th scope='col' class='gsurvey-likert-row-label'></th><th scope='col' class='gsurvey-likert-choice-label'>Strongly agree</th><th scope='col' class='gsurvey-likert-choice-label'>Agree</th><th scope='col' class='gsurvey-likert-choice-label'>Neutral</th><th scope='col' class='gsurvey-likert-choice-label'>Disagree</th><th scope='col' class='gsurvey-likert-choice-label'>Strongly disagree</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td data-label='' class='gsurvey-likert-row-label'>Magazine Issues</td><td data-label='Strongly agree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_8.1' type='radio' value='glikertrow24c13ca4:glikertcol8a1e6b5a1' id='choice_3_8_1_1' /></td><td data-label='Agree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_8.1' type='radio' value='glikertrow24c13ca4:glikertcol864f3c7a9' id='choice_3_8_1_2' /></td><td data-label='Neutral' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_8.1' type='radio' value='glikertrow24c13ca4:glikertcol8958d99a0' id='choice_3_8_1_3' /></td><td data-label='Disagree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_8.1' type='radio' value='glikertrow24c13ca4:glikertcol870612e3b' id='choice_3_8_1_4' /></td><td data-label='Strongly disagree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_8.1' type='radio' value='glikertrow24c13ca4:glikertcol8f89dc206' id='choice_3_8_1_5' /></td></tr><tr><td data-label='' class='gsurvey-likert-row-label'>Ask the Expert</td><td data-label='Strongly agree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_8.2' type='radio' value='glikertrow832c9236:glikertcol8a1e6b5a1' id='choice_3_8_2_1' /></td><td data-label='Agree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_8.2' type='radio' value='glikertrow832c9236:glikertcol864f3c7a9' id='choice_3_8_2_2' /></td><td data-label='Neutral' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_8.2' type='radio' value='glikertrow832c9236:glikertcol8958d99a0' id='choice_3_8_2_3' /></td><td data-label='Disagree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_8.2' type='radio' value='glikertrow832c9236:glikertcol870612e3b' id='choice_3_8_2_4' /></td><td data-label='Strongly disagree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_8.2' type='radio' value='glikertrow832c9236:glikertcol8f89dc206' id='choice_3_8_2_5' /></td></tr><tr><td data-label='' class='gsurvey-likert-row-label'>Articles</td><td data-label='Strongly agree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_8.3' type='radio' value='glikertrow5b734ec5:glikertcol8a1e6b5a1' id='choice_3_8_3_1' /></td><td data-label='Agree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_8.3' type='radio' value='glikertrow5b734ec5:glikertcol864f3c7a9' id='choice_3_8_3_2' /></td><td data-label='Neutral' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_8.3' type='radio' value='glikertrow5b734ec5:glikertcol8958d99a0' id='choice_3_8_3_3' /></td><td data-label='Disagree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_8.3' type='radio' value='glikertrow5b734ec5:glikertcol870612e3b' id='choice_3_8_3_4' /></td><td data-label='Strongly disagree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_8.3' type='radio' value='glikertrow5b734ec5:glikertcol8f89dc206' id='choice_3_8_3_5' /></td></tr><tr><td data-label='' class='gsurvey-likert-row-label'>Partner Discounts</td><td data-label='Strongly agree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_8.4' type='radio' value='glikertrowc70556e8:glikertcol8a1e6b5a1' id='choice_3_8_4_1' /></td><td data-label='Agree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_8.4' type='radio' value='glikertrowc70556e8:glikertcol864f3c7a9' id='choice_3_8_4_2' /></td><td data-label='Neutral' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_8.4' type='radio' value='glikertrowc70556e8:glikertcol8958d99a0' id='choice_3_8_4_3' /></td><td data-label='Disagree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_8.4' type='radio' value='glikertrowc70556e8:glikertcol870612e3b' id='choice_3_8_4_4' /></td><td data-label='Strongly disagree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_8.4' type='radio' value='glikertrowc70556e8:glikertcol8f89dc206' id='choice_3_8_4_5' /></td></tr><tr><td data-label='' class='gsurvey-likert-row-label'>Book Discounts</td><td data-label='Strongly agree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_8.5' type='radio' value='glikertrowb78766c3:glikertcol8a1e6b5a1' id='choice_3_8_5_1' /></td><td data-label='Agree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_8.5' type='radio' value='glikertrowb78766c3:glikertcol864f3c7a9' id='choice_3_8_5_2' /></td><td data-label='Neutral' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_8.5' type='radio' value='glikertrowb78766c3:glikertcol8958d99a0' id='choice_3_8_5_3' /></td><td data-label='Disagree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_8.5' type='radio' value='glikertrowb78766c3:glikertcol870612e3b' id='choice_3_8_5_4' /></td><td data-label='Strongly disagree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_8.5' type='radio' value='glikertrowb78766c3:glikertcol8f89dc206' id='choice_3_8_5_5' /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div id="field_3_16" class="gfield gfield--width-full field_sublabel_below field_description_above gfield_visibility_visible gsurvey-survey-field " data-field-class="gsurvey-survey-field"><label class='gfield_label gfield_label_before_complex' >Which beekeeping topics interest you?</label><div class='gfield_description' id='gfield_description_3_16'>Choose which option best describes your interests.</div><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_likert'><table class='gsurvey-likert' id='input_3_16'><thead><tr><th scope='col' class='gsurvey-likert-row-label'></th><th scope='col' class='gsurvey-likert-choice-label'>Strongly agree</th><th scope='col' class='gsurvey-likert-choice-label'>Neutral</th><th scope='col' class='gsurvey-likert-choice-label'>Disagree</th><th scope='col' class='gsurvey-likert-choice-label'>Agree</th><th scope='col' class='gsurvey-likert-choice-label'>Strongly disagree</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td data-label='' class='gsurvey-likert-row-label'>Beekeeping 101</td><td data-label='Strongly agree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_16.1' type='radio' value='glikertrow8fd30f51:glikertcol160ec942c4' id='choice_3_16_1_1' /></td><td data-label='Neutral' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_16.1' type='radio' value='glikertrow8fd30f51:glikertcol162e78c3ed' id='choice_3_16_1_2' /></td><td data-label='Disagree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_16.1' type='radio' value='glikertrow8fd30f51:glikertcol160f1988df' id='choice_3_16_1_3' /></td><td data-label='Agree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_16.1' type='radio' value='glikertrow8fd30f51:glikertcol16200ec305' id='choice_3_16_1_4' /></td><td data-label='Strongly disagree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_16.1' type='radio' value='glikertrow8fd30f51:glikertcol1678dadfcd' id='choice_3_16_1_5' /></td></tr><tr><td data-label='' class='gsurvey-likert-row-label'>Hives & Equipment</td><td data-label='Strongly agree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_16.2' type='radio' value='glikertrow32e2e32d:glikertcol160ec942c4' id='choice_3_16_2_1' /></td><td data-label='Neutral' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_16.2' type='radio' value='glikertrow32e2e32d:glikertcol162e78c3ed' id='choice_3_16_2_2' /></td><td data-label='Disagree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_16.2' type='radio' value='glikertrow32e2e32d:glikertcol160f1988df' id='choice_3_16_2_3' /></td><td data-label='Agree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_16.2' type='radio' value='glikertrow32e2e32d:glikertcol16200ec305' id='choice_3_16_2_4' /></td><td data-label='Strongly disagree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_16.2' type='radio' value='glikertrow32e2e32d:glikertcol1678dadfcd' id='choice_3_16_2_5' /></td></tr><tr><td data-label='' class='gsurvey-likert-row-label'>Heath & Pests</td><td data-label='Strongly agree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_16.3' type='radio' value='glikertrow36e1825a:glikertcol160ec942c4' id='choice_3_16_3_1' /></td><td data-label='Neutral' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_16.3' type='radio' value='glikertrow36e1825a:glikertcol162e78c3ed' id='choice_3_16_3_2' /></td><td data-label='Disagree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_16.3' type='radio' value='glikertrow36e1825a:glikertcol160f1988df' id='choice_3_16_3_3' /></td><td data-label='Agree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_16.3' type='radio' value='glikertrow36e1825a:glikertcol16200ec305' id='choice_3_16_3_4' /></td><td data-label='Strongly disagree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_16.3' type='radio' value='glikertrow36e1825a:glikertcol1678dadfcd' id='choice_3_16_3_5' /></td></tr><tr><td data-label='' class='gsurvey-likert-row-label'>Plants & Pollination</td><td data-label='Strongly agree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_16.4' type='radio' value='glikertrow252494b1:glikertcol160ec942c4' id='choice_3_16_4_1' /></td><td data-label='Neutral' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_16.4' type='radio' value='glikertrow252494b1:glikertcol162e78c3ed' id='choice_3_16_4_2' /></td><td data-label='Disagree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_16.4' type='radio' value='glikertrow252494b1:glikertcol160f1988df' id='choice_3_16_4_3' /></td><td data-label='Agree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_16.4' type='radio' value='glikertrow252494b1:glikertcol16200ec305' id='choice_3_16_4_4' /></td><td data-label='Strongly disagree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_16.4' type='radio' value='glikertrow252494b1:glikertcol1678dadfcd' id='choice_3_16_4_5' /></td></tr><tr><td data-label='' class='gsurvey-likert-row-label'>Honey & Beeswax</td><td data-label='Strongly agree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_16.5' type='radio' value='glikertrowea37e50e:glikertcol160ec942c4' id='choice_3_16_5_1' /></td><td data-label='Neutral' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_16.5' type='radio' value='glikertrowea37e50e:glikertcol162e78c3ed' id='choice_3_16_5_2' /></td><td data-label='Disagree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_16.5' type='radio' value='glikertrowea37e50e:glikertcol160f1988df' id='choice_3_16_5_3' /></td><td data-label='Agree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_16.5' type='radio' value='glikertrowea37e50e:glikertcol16200ec305' id='choice_3_16_5_4' /></td><td data-label='Strongly disagree' class='gsurvey-likert-choice'><input name='input_16.5' type='radio' value='glikertrowea37e50e:glikertcol1678dadfcd' id='choice_3_16_5_5' /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><fieldset id="field_3_9" class="gfield field_sublabel_below field_description_below gfield_visibility_visible gsurvey-survey-field " data-field-class="gsurvey-survey-field"><legend class='gfield_label' >Are you familiar with our other communities?</legend><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_radio'><div class='gfield_radio' id='input_3_9'> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_9_0'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_9' type='radio' value='gsurvey9050fe9f3' id='choice_3_9_0' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_9_0' id='label_3_9_0'>Yes</label> </div> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_9_1'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_9' type='radio' value='gsurvey9567a8334' id='choice_3_9_1' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_9_1' id='label_3_9_1'>No</label> </div></div></div></fieldset><fieldset id="field_3_10" class="gfield field_sublabel_below field_description_below gfield_visibility_visible gsurvey-survey-field " data-field-class="gsurvey-survey-field"><legend class='gfield_label gfield_label_before_complex' >If yes, select which ones.</legend><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_checkbox'><div class='gfield_checkbox' id='input_3_10'><div class='gchoice gchoice_3_10_1'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_10.1' type='checkbox' value='gsurvey1048489d09' id='choice_3_10_1' /> <label for='choice_3_10_1' id='label_3_10_1'>Countryside</label> </div><div class='gchoice gchoice_3_10_2'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_10.2' type='checkbox' value='gsurvey10167586c9' id='choice_3_10_2' /> <label for='choice_3_10_2' id='label_3_10_2'>Backyard Poultry</label> </div><div class='gchoice gchoice_3_10_3'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_10.3' type='checkbox' value='gsurvey1063bb9280' id='choice_3_10_3' /> <label for='choice_3_10_3' id='label_3_10_3'>Goat Journal/Backyard Goats</label> </div><button type="button" id="button_10_select_all" onclick="gformToggleCheckboxes( this )" data-checked="0" data-label-select="Select All" data-label-deselect="Deselect All">Select All</button></div></div></fieldset><fieldset id="field_3_11" class="gfield field_sublabel_below field_description_below gfield_visibility_visible gsurvey-survey-field " data-field-class="gsurvey-survey-field"><legend class='gfield_label' >How did you find out about us?</legend><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_radio'><div class='gfield_radio' id='input_3_11'> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_11_0'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_11' type='radio' value='gsurvey113bf794d5' id='choice_3_11_0' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_11_0' id='label_3_11_0'>Google</label> </div> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_11_1'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_11' type='radio' value='gsurvey1117f0db73' id='choice_3_11_1' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_11_1' id='label_3_11_1'>Facebook</label> </div> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_11_2'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_11' type='radio' value='gsurvey11b21ada93' id='choice_3_11_2' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_11_2' id='label_3_11_2'>Instagram</label> </div> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_11_3'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_11' type='radio' value='gsurvey11da6b4911' id='choice_3_11_3' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_11_3' id='label_3_11_3'>Newsletter</label> </div> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_11_4'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_11' type='radio' value='gsurvey11cd97e366' id='choice_3_11_4' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_11_4' id='label_3_11_4'>Word of Mouth</label> </div> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_11_5'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_11' type='radio' value='gsurvey110c425d8e' id='choice_3_11_5' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_11_5' id='label_3_11_5'>Countryside</label> </div> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_11_6'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_11' type='radio' value='gsurvey112180c441' id='choice_3_11_6' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_11_6' id='label_3_11_6'>Backyard Poultry</label> </div> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_11_7'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_11' type='radio' value='gsurvey1163c4ea07' id='choice_3_11_7' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_11_7' id='label_3_11_7'>Goat Journal</label> </div> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_11_8'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_11' type='radio' value='gsurvey1173cf2733' id='choice_3_11_8' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_11_8' id='label_3_11_8'>Other</label> </div></div></div></fieldset><div id="field_3_13" class="gfield field_sublabel_below field_description_below gfield_visibility_visible gsurvey-survey-field " data-field-class="gsurvey-survey-field"><label class='gfield_label' for='input_3_13' >If other, please tell us how you found out about us below.</label><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_text'><input name='input_13' id='input_3_13' type='text' value='' class='large' aria-describedby="input_3_13_desc" aria-invalid="false" /> </div></div><fieldset id="field_3_1" class="gfield gfield--width-full field_sublabel_below field_description_above gfield_visibility_visible gsurvey-survey-field " data-field-class="gsurvey-survey-field"><legend class='gfield_label' >What is your gender?</legend><div class='gfield_description' id='gfield_description_3_1'>Choose which selection best applies to you.</div><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_radio'><div class='gfield_radio' id='input_3_1'> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_1_0'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_1' type='radio' value='Male' id='choice_3_1_0' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' aria-describedby="gfield_description_3_1" /> <label for='choice_3_1_0' id='label_3_1_0'>Male</label> </div> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_1_1'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_1' type='radio' value='Female' id='choice_3_1_1' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_1_1' id='label_3_1_1'>Female</label> </div> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_1_2'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_1' type='radio' value='gsurvey10f4e8dbf' id='choice_3_1_2' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_1_2' id='label_3_1_2'>Other</label> </div> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_1_3'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_1' type='radio' value='Prefer Not to Answer' id='choice_3_1_3' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_1_3' id='label_3_1_3'>Prefer Not to Answer</label> </div></div></div></fieldset><fieldset id="field_3_2" class="gfield gfield--width-full field_sublabel_below field_description_above gfield_visibility_visible gsurvey-survey-field " data-field-class="gsurvey-survey-field"><legend class='gfield_label' >What is your age range?</legend><div class='gfield_description' id='gfield_description_3_2'>Choose which selection best applies to you.</div><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_radio'><div class='gfield_radio' id='input_3_2'> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_2_0'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_2' type='radio' value='18-24' id='choice_3_2_0' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' aria-describedby="gfield_description_3_2" /> <label for='choice_3_2_0' id='label_3_2_0'>18-24</label> </div> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_2_1'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_2' type='radio' value='25-34' id='choice_3_2_1' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_2_1' id='label_3_2_1'>25-34</label> </div> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_2_2'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_2' type='radio' value='35-44' id='choice_3_2_2' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_2_2' id='label_3_2_2'>35-44</label> </div> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_2_3'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_2' type='radio' value='45-54' id='choice_3_2_3' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_2_3' id='label_3_2_3'>45-54</label> </div> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_2_4'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_2' type='radio' value='55-64' id='choice_3_2_4' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_2_4' id='label_3_2_4'>55-64</label> </div> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_2_5'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_2' type='radio' value='65 or Above' id='choice_3_2_5' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_2_5' id='label_3_2_5'>65 or Above</label> </div> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_2_6'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_2' type='radio' value='Prefer Not to Answer' id='choice_3_2_6' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_2_6' id='label_3_2_6'>Prefer Not to Answer</label> </div></div></div></fieldset><fieldset id="field_3_19" class="gfield gfield--width-full field_sublabel_below field_description_below gfield_visibility_visible gsurvey-survey-field " data-field-class="gsurvey-survey-field"><legend class='gfield_label' >Would you like to join our free Backyard Beekeeping newsletter?</legend><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_radio'><div class='gfield_radio' id='input_3_19'> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_19_0'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_19' type='radio' value='gsurvey19eb85fa0b' id='choice_3_19_0' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_19_0' id='label_3_19_0'>Yes</label> </div> <div class='gchoice gchoice_3_19_1'> <input class='gfield-choice-input' name='input_19' type='radio' value='gsurvey197d0ee5ac' id='choice_3_19_1' onchange='gformToggleRadioOther( this )' /> <label for='choice_3_19_1' id='label_3_19_1'>No</label> </div></div></div></fieldset><div id="field_3_20" class="gfield gfield--width-full gfield_contains_required field_sublabel_below field_description_below gfield_visibility_visible gsurvey-survey-field " data-field-class="gsurvey-survey-field"><label class='gfield_label' for='input_3_20' >If yes, please provide your email here.<span class="gfield_required"><span class="gfield_required gfield_required_text">(Required)</span></span></label><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_text'><input name='input_20' id='input_3_20' type='text' value='' class='large' aria-describedby="input_3_20_desc" aria-required="true" aria-invalid="false" /> </div></div><div id="field_3_14" class="gfield field_sublabel_below field_description_below gfield_visibility_visible gsurvey-survey-field " data-field-class="gsurvey-survey-field"><label class='gfield_label' >How are we doing?</label><div class='ginput_container gsurvey-rating-wrapper'><div class='gsurvey-rating' id='input_3_14'><input name='input_14' type='radio' value='grating14b1a8022e' id='choice_3_14_0' /><label for='choice_3_14_0' title='Excellent'>Excellent</label><input name='input_14' type='radio' value='grating14d8ea499a' id='choice_3_14_1' /><label for='choice_3_14_1' title='Pretty good'>Pretty good</label><input name='input_14' type='radio' value='grating1492e39b10' id='choice_3_14_2' /><label for='choice_3_14_2' title='Neutral'>Neutral</label><input name='input_14' type='radio' value='grating14bd8359cb' id='choice_3_14_3' /><label for='choice_3_14_3' title='Not so great'>Not so great</label><input name='input_14' type='radio' value='grating146260deba' id='choice_3_14_4' /><label for='choice_3_14_4' title='Terrible'>Terrible</label></div></div></div><div id="field_3_15" class="gfield field_sublabel_below field_description_below gfield_visibility_visible gsurvey-survey-field " data-field-class="gsurvey-survey-field"><label class='gfield_label' for='input_3_15' >Please leave a review of your experience on our website:</label><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_textarea'><textarea name='input_15' id='input_3_15' class='textarea large' aria-invalid="false" rows='10' cols='50'></textarea></div></div><div id="field_3_17" class="gfield field_sublabel_below field_description_below gfield_visibility_visible gsurvey-survey-field " data-field-class="gsurvey-survey-field"><label class='gfield_label' for='input_3_17' >How can we improve?</label><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_textarea'><textarea name='input_17' id='input_3_17' class='textarea large' aria-invalid="false" rows='10' cols='50'></textarea></div></div></div></div> <div class='gform_footer top_label'> <input type='submit' id='gform_submit_button_3' class='gform_button button' value='Submit' onclick='if(window["gf_submitting_3"]){return false;} window["gf_submitting_3"]=true; ' onkeypress='if( event.keyCode == 13 ){ if(window["gf_submitting_3"]){return false;} window["gf_submitting_3"]=true; jQuery("#gform_3").trigger("submit",[true]); }' /> <input type='hidden' name='gform_ajax' value='form_id=3&amp;title=&amp;description=&amp;tabindex=0' /> <input type='hidden' class='gform_hidden' name='is_submit_3' value='1' /> <input type='hidden' class='gform_hidden' name='gform_submit' value='3' /> <input type='hidden' class='gform_hidden' name='gform_unique_id' value='' /> <input type='hidden' class='gform_hidden' name='state_3' value='WyJbXSIsIjA3YTk4ODQ1NmZhZjRkMTQ2Mjg1YTM2ZTAyY2ZhOThjIl0=' /> <input type='hidden' class='gform_hidden' name='gform_target_page_number_3' id='gform_target_page_number_3' value='0' /> <input type='hidden' class='gform_hidden' name='gform_source_page_number_3' id='gform_source_page_number_3' value='1' /> <input type='hidden' name='gform_field_values' value='' /> </div> </form> </div> <iframe style='display:none;width:0px;height:0px;' src='about:blank' name='gform_ajax_frame_3' id='gform_ajax_frame_3' title='This iframe contains the logic required to handle Ajax powered Gravity Forms.'></iframe> <script type='text/javascript'>gform.initializeOnLoaded( function() {gformInitSpinner( 3, 'https://cdn.backyardbeekeeping.iamcountryside.com/wp-content/plugins/gravityforms/images/spinner.svg' );jQuery('#gform_ajax_frame_3').on('load',function(){var contents = jQuery(this).contents().find('*').html();var is_postback = contents.indexOf('GF_AJAX_POSTBACK') >= 0;if(!is_postback){return;}var form_content = jQuery(this).contents().find('#gform_wrapper_3');var is_confirmation = jQuery(this).contents().find('#gform_confirmation_wrapper_3').length > 0;var is_redirect = contents.indexOf('gformRedirect(){') >= 0;var is_form = form_content.length > 0 && ! is_redirect && ! is_confirmation;var mt = parseInt(jQuery('html').css('margin-top'), 10) + parseInt(jQuery('body').css('margin-top'), 10) + 100;if(is_form){jQuery('#gform_wrapper_3').html(form_content.html());if(form_content.hasClass('gform_validation_error')){jQuery('#gform_wrapper_3').addClass('gform_validation_error');} else {jQuery('#gform_wrapper_3').removeClass('gform_validation_error');}setTimeout( function() { /* delay the scroll by 50 milliseconds to fix a bug in chrome */ jQuery(document).scrollTop(jQuery('#gform_wrapper_3').offset().top - mt); }, 50 );if(window['gformInitDatepicker']) {gformInitDatepicker();}if(window['gformInitPriceFields']) {gformInitPriceFields();}var current_page = jQuery('#gform_source_page_number_3').val();gformInitSpinner( 3, 'https://cdn.backyardbeekeeping.iamcountryside.com/wp-content/plugins/gravityforms/images/spinner.svg' );jQuery(document).trigger('gform_page_loaded', [3, current_page]);window['gf_submitting_3'] = false;}else if(!is_redirect){var confirmation_content = jQuery(this).contents().find('.GF_AJAX_POSTBACK').html();if(!confirmation_content){confirmation_content = contents;}setTimeout(function(){jQuery('#gform_wrapper_3').replaceWith(confirmation_content);jQuery(document).scrollTop(jQuery('#gf_3').offset().top - mt);jQuery(document).trigger('gform_confirmation_loaded', [3]);window['gf_submitting_3'] = false;wp.a11y.speak(jQuery('#gform_confirmation_message_3').text());}, 50);}else{jQuery('#gform_3').append(contents);if(window['gformRedirect']) {gformRedirect();}}jQuery(document).trigger('gform_post_render', [3, current_page]);} );} );</script>